Әбу Әйюб әл-Ансари: нұсқалар арасындағы айырмашылық

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'''Әбу Әйюб әл-Ансари''' - Иасриб қаласында туылды<ref>Or 52 A.H, see Ibn Sa'd and Tabari, cited in Prof. Philip K Hitti, ''A History of the Arabs'', London, 1951 revised edition, p.202</ref>. Ерте ислам тарихындағы ансарлардың бірі болды.
When Muhammad arrived in [[Medina]] he was offered accommodations by all of its inhabitants, but he wished to stay with the Banu Najjar, whom he was distantly related to. Upon making inquiries as to the member of Banu Najjar closest to him, [[Muhammad]] was introduced to Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, with whom Muhammad then stayed for seven months.<ref>Narrated Anas bin Malik, Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 58, Number 269</ref>
== Дереккөздер ==
Following the Muslim conquest of [[Egypt]] Abu Ayyub moved to a house in [[Fustat]] adjacent to the mosque of [[Amr bin Al'aas]] which was completed in 642. Several other notable Companions were his neighbors, including [[Zubayr ibn al-Awwam]], Ubaida, Abu Zar, [[Abdullah ibn Umar]] and Abdullah ibn Amr bin Al'aas.<ref>Masud ul-Hasan, Hadrat 'Umar Farooq, Islamic Publications Ltd. Lahore 1982</ref>
== Библиография ==
He also led a distinguished military career. Of him it was said, ''He did not stay away from any battle the Muslims fought from the time of Muhammad to the time of Muawiyah unless he was engaged at the same time in another.''<ref>Muhammad ibn Sa'd,'' Kitāb at-Tabāqat al-Kabīr (The Great Book of Generations)''</ref>
==Last military campaign==
In the chapter, Qital e Rome of [[Sahih Muslim]], Muhammad said that the first army who will attack Constantinople will enter in Paradise
[[Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari]] records under A.H. 49 (9/2/669-28/1/670) a number of raids against the Byzantines. He was an old man, but that did not prevent him from enlisting. After a short time engaged in battle,<ref>'the real hero of the campaign was the aged Abu Ayyub al-Ansari...[and] whose presence in the contingent was desired [for the ] blessing it might bring', in ''A History of the Arabs'', pp.201-202</ref> he fell ill and had to withdraw. Some one asked: "Do you need anything, Abu Ayyub?" To which Abu Ayyub replied, "Convey my ''salaams'' (Islamic greeting and farewell) to the Muslim armies and tell them: "Abu Ayyub urges you to penetrate deeply into the territory of the enemy as far as you can go, that you should carry him with you and that you should bury him under your feet at the walls of Constantinople." Then he died. The Muslim army fulfilled his request and pushed back the enemy's forces until they reached the walls of Constantinople where Abu Ayyub was buried.
About this battle, Aslam-ibn `Imran narrated that when they were fighting the [[Byzantine Empire]], a Muslim soldier penetrated the enemy ranks. People shouted, "''[[Subhan Allah]]''! He has contributed to his own destruction." Some say that thereupon, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari stood up, and said, "O people! You give this interpretation to this verse, whereas it was revealed concerning us, the [[Ansar (Islam)|Ansar]], when actually Allah had given honour to Islam and its supporters had become many, whereupon some of us secretly said to one another ... 'Our wealth has been depleted, and Allah has given honour to Islam and its supporters have become many, so let us stay amidst our wealth and make up what has been depleted of it.' Thereupon, Muslims believe God said to Muhammad, 'And spend in the Path of God ( فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ ), and do not contribute to your own destruction'<ref>Quran, [[Sura]]h Al-Baqara, [[ayat]] 195, Muhammad Asad English translation</ref> ... refuting what we had said. So, the destruction lay in staying with our wealth and repleting it and abandoning combat."
==Final Resting Place==
After the [[conquest of Constantinople]] by the [[Ottoman Empire|Ottoman Turks]], a [[türbe|tomb]] was constructed above Abu Ayyub's purported grave and a [[Eyüp Sultan Mosque|mosque]] built in his honour. From that point on the area, now known as the locality of [[Eyüp]], has become a sacred locality and many [[Ottoman Empire|Ottoman]] officials requested burial in proximity of Abu Ayyub.
==Some ''Hadith'' Narrated by Abu Ayyub==
Abu Ayyub al-Ansari is credited with narrating many [[Hadith|sayings of Muhammad]]. Two well known examples of these include:
1. Narrated Abu~Ayyub-Al-Ansari
A man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Inform me of a deed which will make me enter Paradise." The people said, "What is the matter with him? What is the matter with him?" Allah's Apostle said, "He has something to ask (what he needs greatly)." [Muhammad] said [to him], (In order to enter Paradise) you should worship Allah and join none in worship with Him: You should offer prayers perfectly, give obligatory charity ([[Zakat]]), and keep good relations with your kith and kin." He then said, "Leave it!"
2. Narrated Abu-Ayyub-Al-Ansari
Allah's Apostle said, "It is not lawful for a man to desert his brother Muslim for more than three nights. (It is unlawful for them that) when they meet, one of them turns his face away from the other, and the other turns his face from the former, and the better of the two will be the one who greets the other first."<ref>Both ''ahadith'' are recorded in ''Sahih Bukhari''</ref>
3. Abu Ayyub al-Ansari narrates that on the night of [[Isra and Mi'raj|Mi'raj]], Muhammad passed by [[Islamic view of Abraham|Ibrahim]] ([[Abraham]]). Ibrahim asked, "O' [[Gabriel|Jibreel]], who is with you?" Jibreel said, "Muhammad." Ibrahim said to him, "Command your [[Ummah]] to plant saplings of Paradise plentifully, as the soil of Paradise is fertile and it's plain is spacious." It was asked, "What are the saplings of Paradise?" He replied, "[[La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah]] (Arabic "لا حول ولاقوة إلا بالله").", from [[Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal]], [[Majma al-Zawa'id]]
== In popular media ==
* Abu Ayyub is depicted in the prologue of 2012 film ''[[Fetih 1453]]''. He is storied to retell Muhammad's word that Constantinople will be conquered by the blessed commander and soldiers. Abu Ayyub is portrayed by [[Tuncay Gençkalan]].
* Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, History v. 18 "Between Civil Wars: The Caliphate of Mu'awiyah," transl. [[Michael G. Morony]], SUNY Press, Albany, 1987.
* Muhammad Ibn Sa'd, ''Kitab at-Tabaqat al-Kabir'', np, nd.
* Prof. Philip K. Hitti, ''A History of the Arabs'', Macmillan, London, 1951 rev.ed.
[[ar:أبو أيوب الأنصاري]]