Рим империясы — нұсқалар арасындағы айырмашылық

Түйіндемесі өңделмейді
ш (Боттың үстегені: en:Roman Empire)
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{{Infobox Former Country
|native_name = {{aut|Senatus Populusque Romanus ([[SPQR]])}}<br /><small>"The Senate and People of Rome" </small>{{#tag:ref|Since classical and modern concepts of state do not coincide, other possibilities include ''Res publica Romana'', ''Imperium Romanum'' or ''Romanorum'' (also in Greek: {{Polytonic|Βασιλείᾱ τῶν Ῥωμαίων – ''Basileíā tôn Rhōmaíōn''}} – ["Dominion (Literally 'kingdom') of the Romans"]) and ''Romania''. ''Res publica'', as a term denoting the Roman "commonwealth" in general, can refer to both the Republican and the Imperial era, while ''Imperium Romanum'' (or, sometimes, ''Romanorum'') is used to refer to the territorial extent of Roman authority. ''Populus Romanus'', "the Roman people", is often used for the Roman state dealing with other nations. The term ''Romania'', initially a colloquial term for the empire's territory as well as the collectivity of its inhabitants, appears in Greek and Latin sources from the fourth century onward and was eventually carried over to the [[Byzantine Empire]]. (See Wolff, R.L. "Romania: The Latin Empire of Constantinople". In: ''Speculum'', 23 (1948), pp. 1–34 (pp. 2–3).)|group=nb}}
|conventional_long_name = RomanРим Empire {{#tag:ref||group=nb}}империясы
|conventional_long_name = Roman Empire
|common_name = Рим империясы
|national_motto =
|era = Classical antiquityкөнелік
|status = Империя
|continent = Афроеуразия
|region = Жерорта
|government_type = [[Автократияавтократия]]
|p1 = Рим республикасы
|p1 = Roman Republic
|flag_p1 = Spqrstone.jpg
|s1 = Батыс Рим империясы
|s1 = Western Roman Empire
|flag_s1 = Labarum.svg
|s2 = Byzantine Empire
|flag_s2 = FlagШығыс ofРим Palaeologus Dynasty.svgимпериясы
|event_start = [[Augustus|Octavian]] proclaimed [[Augustus (honorific)|Augustus]]
|year_start = Б. з. д. 27 BCжыл
|event_end = Deposition of western emperor [[Romulus Augustus]]/[[Fall of Constantinople]] *
|year_end = AD 476 ж./1453 ж.
|event_pre = [[BattleСражение ofпри Actium]]Акциуме
|date_pre = 2 Septemberқыркүйек Б. з. д. 31 BCжыл
|event1 = [[Diocletian]] splits imperial administration between East and West
|date_event1 = 285
|event2 = [[Constantine I|Constantine the Great]] establishes [[Constantinople]] as a new imperial capital
|date_event2 = 330
|event3 = Death of [[Theodosius the Great]], followed by permanent division of the Empire into eastern and western halves
|date_event3 = 395
|event_post =
|date_post =
|image_coat = Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg
|symbol_type = Вексиллум римских легионов
|symbol_type = [[Vexillum]] with [[Aquila (Roman)|aquila]] and Roman state initialism
|coa_size = 120px
|image_map = Roman Empire 117AD.jpg
|image_map_caption = TheРимская Romanимперия Empire'sв maximalконце extentправления in ADТраяна (117 ж.)
|capital = [[Рим]], 330 жылдан — [[Ыстамбұл|Константинополь]]
|capital = <small>[[Rome]] was the sole political capital until AD&nbsp;286<br />There were several political centres during the [[Tetrarchy]] while Rome continued to be the nominal, cultural, and ideological capital.<br />[[Constantine I|Constantine]] re-founded and established the city of [[Constantinople]] as the new capital of the empire in 330.<ref name="Constantine I 306 - 337 AD">[http://www.roman-emperors.org/conniei.htm Constantine&nbsp;I (306–337 AD)] by Hans A. Pohlsander. De Imperatoribus Romanis. Written 2004-1-8. Retrieved 2007-3-20.</ref><br />[[Mediolanum]] (Milan) was its western counterpart during the increasingly frequent East/West divisions. The western imperial court was later relocated to [[Ravenna]].
|common_languages = [[LatinЛатын тілі|латынша]], [[AncientЕжелгі Greekгрек тілі|Greekкөне грекше]]
|religion = рим политеизм, 380 жылдан — [[христиандық]]
|religion = [[Religion in ancient Rome|traditional Roman religion]], [[Imperial cult (ancient Rome)|Imperial cult]], [[Hellenistic religion]]s<small> (to 380)</small><br />Christianity<small><br />(from 380)
|currency = (a) Б. з. д. 27 BCж. AD 212 ж.: 1 gold ''[[aureus]]ауреус'' (1/40 lb. of gold, devalued to 1/50 lb. by 212) = 25 silver ''[[denarii]]денарий'' = 100 bronze ''[[sesterces]]сестерций'' = 400 copper ''[[As (Roman coin)|asses]]асс''.<br /> (b) 294–312: 1 gold ''[[solidus (coin)|aureus solidus]]солид'' (1/60 lb. of gold) = 10 silver ''[[argenteus|argentei]]аргентиус'' = 40 bronze ''[[folles]]фоллис'' = 1,000 debased metal ''denarii''<br />(c) 312 onwardsжылдан: 1 gold ''[[solidus (coin)|solidus]]солид'' (1/72 lb.) = 24 silver ''[[siliqua]]eсиликва'' = 180 bronze ''follesфоллис''
|leader1 = [[Augustus]]Октавиан Август
|leader2 = [[TheodosiusФеодосий I]]
|leader3 = [[RomulusРомул Augustus]]Август / [[Constantine&nbsp;Константин XI]] Палеолог
|year_leader1 = Б. з. д. 27 BC–ADж. – 14 ж.
|year_leader2 = 378–395
|year_leader3 = 475–476 / 1449–1453
|title_leader = [[Roman Emperor|Emperor]]импертор
|title_representative = [[Roman consul|Consul]]консул
|representative1 =
|representative2 =
|year_representative1 =
|year_representative2 =
|legislature = [[Senate of the Roman Empire|Roman Senate]]сенат
||stat_year1 = Б. з. д. 25 BCж.<ref name=size>{{cite journal|journal=Social Science History |title=Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600&nbsp;B.C. to 600&nbsp;A.D. |first=Rein |last=Taagepera |volume=3 |issue=3/4 |year=1979 |page=125 |doi=10.2307/1170959|jstor=1170959|publisher=Duke University Press |authorlink=Rein Taagepera}}</ref><ref>John D. Durand, ''Historical Estimates of World Population: An Evaluation'', 1977, pp. 253–296.</ref>
|stat_area1 = 2750000
|stat_year2 = 50<ref name=size/>
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