Ассириялықтар — нұсқалар арасындағы айырмашылық

Түйіндемесі өңделмейді
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{{Infobox Ethnic group
|group = Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac people<br />
''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūrāyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūryāyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Āṯūrāyē}}'' <small> <ref>also transliterated ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūrōyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūryōyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Ōṯūrōyē}}''; all of ''{{transl|arc-Latn|ā}}'', ''{{transl|arc-Latn|ō}}'' and word-final ''{{transl|arc-Latn|ē}}''
transliterate Aramaic [[Ālaph]] {{script|Armi|[[ܐ]]}}. Nicholas Awde, Nineb Limassu, Nicholas Al-Jeloo, ''Modern Aramaic Dictionary & Phrasebook: (Assyrian/Syriac)'' (2007), ISBN 9780781810876, p. 4; see also [[Names of Syriac Christians]].</ref></small>
|image =
|caption = <small>[[Ashurnasirpal II]]{{·}}[[Abgar V of Edessa]]{{·}}[[Ephrem the Syrian]]{{·}}[[Pope Constantine]]{{·}}[[Naum Faiq]]{{·}}[[Agha Putrus]]{{·}}[[Freydun Atturaya]]{{·}}[[Alphonse Mingana]]{{·}}[[Ammo Baba]]{{·}}[[Rosie Malek Yonan]]{{·}}[[Andre Agassi]]{{·}}[[Kennedy Bakircioglü]]</small>
|population =3.3 million<ref>[http://www.unpo.org/article/7859], [[UNPO]] estimates</ref> - 4.2 million (1994)<ref>[[SIL Ethnologue]] estimate for the "ethnic population" associated with Assyrian Neo-Aramaic. [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aii]</ref>
|region1 = '''{{resize|120%|[[Таяу Шығыс]]}}'''
|region2 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Iraq}}
|pop2 = 911,987 - 600,000 - 800,000
|ref2 = {{lower|<ref>[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html], [[CIA World Factbook]]</ref><ref>[http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/religion-christian.htm Christians in Iraq] GlobalSecurity.org total estimated to be some 500,000 after the [[Iraq war]]</ref><ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11669994 Iraqi Christians' long history], [[BBC]]</ref>}}
|region3 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Syria}}
|pop3 = 877,000 - 1,139,000
|ref3 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.todayszaman.com/newsDetail_getNewsById.action?load=detay&link=140085]</ref><ref>[http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=33109 Assyrians Face Escalating Abuses in "New Iraq"], Lisa Söderlindh, [[Inter Press Service]] 1,139,000 including some 300,000 Assyrian refugees from Iraq</ref>}}
|region4 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Iran}}
|pop4 = 74,000 – 80,000
|ref4 = {{lower|<ref name="atourpop">[http://www.atour.com/ atour.com name="Population" _moz_dirty="" Population], atour.com</ref><ref>[http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=iran], [[SIL Ethnologue]] "Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15,000 in Iran (1994). Ethnic population: 80,000 (1994)" See also [[Christianity in Iran]].</ref>}}
|region5 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Turkey}}
|pop5 = 15,000 – 24,000
|ref5 = {{lower|<ref name="atourpop"/><ref>[http://www.ethnologue.com/%5C/15/show_country.asp?name=TRA], [[SIL Ethnologue]] "Turoyo [tru] 3,000 in Turkey (1994 Hezy Mutzafi). Ethnic population: 50,000 to 70,000 (1994). Hértevin [hrt] 1,000 (1999 H. Mutzafi). Originally Siirt Province. They have left their villages, most emigrating to the West, but some may still be in Turkey." See also [[Christianity in Turkey]].</ref>}}
|region6 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Lebanon}}
|pop6 = 100,000
|ref6 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.aina.org/brief.html Brief History of Assyrians], AINA.org</ref>}}
|region7 = '''{{resize|120%|[[Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac diaspora|Диаспора]]}}'''
|region8 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Sweden}}
|pop8 = 100,000 - 120,000
|ref8 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.eurfedling.org/Sweden.htm Demographics of Sweden], [[Swedish Language Council]] "Sweden has also one of the largest exile communities of Assyrian and Syriac Christians (also known as Chaldeans) with a population of around 100,000."</ref><ref>[http://www.aina.org/brief.html Brief History of Assyrians], AINA.org</ref>}}
|region9 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|United States}}
|pop9 = 100,000 - 490,000
|ref9 = {{lower|<ref>[http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-ds_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_&-_lang=en&-mt_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G2000_B04003&-format=&-CONTEXT=dt American Community Survey], [[U.S. Census Bureau]]</ref><ref name="atourpop"/>}}
|region10 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Jordan}}
|pop10 = 100,000 - 150,000
|ref10 = {{lower|<ref>[http://spectator.org/archives/2007/07/02/thrown-to-the-lions Thrown to the Lions], [[Doug Bandow]], The America Spectator</ref><ref>[http://www.aina.org/releases/20070511014200.htm Jordan Should Legally Recognize Displaced Iraqis As Refugees], AINA.org. [http://www.crosswalk.com/news/religiontoday/11542438/ Assyrian and Chaldean Christians Flee Iraq to Neighboring Jordan], ASSIST News Service</ref>}}
|region11 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Germany}}
|pop11 = 90,000
|ref11 = {{lower|<ref>70,000 Syriac Christians according to [http://www.remid.de/remid_info_zahlen.htm REMID] (of which 55,000 [[Syriac Orthodox]]).</ref>}}
|region12 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Australia}}
|pop12 = 24,505 - 60,000
|ref12 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ViewData?action=404&documentproductno=0&documenttype=Details&order=1&tabname=Details&areacode=0&issue=2006&producttype=Census%20Tables&javascript=true&textversion=false&navmapdisplayed=true&breadcrumb=POTLD&&collection=Census&period=2006&productlabel=Ancestry%20(full%20classification%20list)%20by%20Sex&producttype=Census%20Tables&method=Place%20of%20Usual%20Residence&topic=Ancestry& Ancestry (full classification list)] [[Australian Bureau of Statistics]]</ref><ref>[http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Fear-checks-turnout-for-Iraq-poll/2005/01/21/1106110948104.html][http://museumvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=29&cat=NONE&cid=0] More than two thirds of Iraqis in Australia (80,000) are Christians</ref>}}
|region13 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Canada}}
|pop13 = 38,000
|ref13 = {{lower|<ref>http://www.radiovaticana.org/en1/articolo.asp?c=49496</ref>}}
|region14 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Russia}}
|pop14 = 70,000
|ref14 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop">[http://www.aina.org/brief.html Brief History of Assyrians], AINA.org</ref>}}
|region15 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Netherlands}}
|pop15 = 20,000
|ref15 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region16 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|France}}
|pop16 = 20,000
|ref16 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region17 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Belgium}}
|pop17 = 15,000
|ref17 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region18 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Switzerland}}
|pop18 = 10,000
|ref18 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region19 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Denmark}}
|pop19 = 10,000
|ref19 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region20 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Italy}}
|pop20 = 3,000
|ref20 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|languages = [[Syriac language|Syriac]], [[Neo-Aramaic languages|Neo-Aramaic]]<br>{{smaller|(also [[Assyrian people#Language|various Neo-Aramaic dialects]])}}<br>[[Arabic language|Arabic]], [[Persian language|Persian]], [[Turkish language|Turkish]]
|religions = <div style="line-height:1.4em;">[[Syriac Christianity]]<br />{{smaller|(also [[Assyrian people#Religion|various Eastern denominations]])}}</div>
|related = [[Mhallami]]<br>Басқа Семиттік топтар
}}
'''Ассириялықтар''' , айсорлар (өз атауы — атурай) — халық. Жалпы саны 350 мың (1992) адам. Негізінен [[Ирак]]та (120 мың), [[Иран]]да (100 мың), [[Түркия]]да (70 мың), [[Ресей Федерациясы]]нда (0,6 мың), [[Сирия]]да, [[Иордания]]да, [[Ливан]да, [[АҚШ]]-та, [[Грузия]]да тұрады. Тілі семит-хамит тілдер шоғырына жатады. Өздерін б.з.б. 2 — б.з. 7 ғ-ларда өмір сүрген Ассирия империясының мұрагеріміз деп санайды. Ассириялықтардың Иранның, [[Араб Халифаты]]ның, Моғолдардың, [[Осман империясы]]ның қол астында болуы себепті басқа халықтармен сіңісіп кетсе де, ғасырлар бойы өзіндік ерекшеліктерін сақтап қалған. Сирия жазуының негізінде қалыптасқан төл әліпбиі бар, [[христиандық|христиан]] (несториан) дінін ұстанады. Несториандар 7-8 ғ-ларда қазақ жеріне келіп, Жетісуда, жергілікті тайпалар арасында өз діндерін таратпақшы болғаны тарихтан белгілі. Негізгі шаруашылығы егіншілік пен бағбаншылық. Иранда мал шаруашылығымен де айналысады, фольклоры өте бай.
 
== Дереккөздер ==
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[[Санат:Ассирия]]
[[Санат:Ежелгі халықтар]]
 
[[sk:Asýrčania]]