Ассириялықтар — нұсқалар арасындағы айырмашылық

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Түйіндемесі өңделмейді
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{{Infobox Ethnic group
|group = Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac people<br />
''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūrāyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūryāyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Āṯūrāyē}}'' <small> <ref>also transliterated ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūrōyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Sūryōyē}}'' / ''{{transl|arc-Latn|Ōṯūrōyē}}''; all of ''{{transl|arc-Latn|ā}}'', ''{{transl|arc-Latn|ō}}'' and word-final ''{{transl|arc-Latn|ē}}''
transliterate Aramaic [[Ālaph]] {{script|Armi|[[ܐ]]}}. Nicholas Awde, Nineb Limassu, Nicholas Al-Jeloo, ''Modern Aramaic Dictionary & Phrasebook: (Assyrian/Syriac)'' (2007), ISBN 9780781810876, p. 4; see also [[Names of Syriac Christians]].</ref></small>
|image = [[Image:Assyrian info.jpg|300px|]]
|caption = <small>[[Ashurnasirpal II]]{{·}}[[Abgar V of Edessa]]{{·}}[[Ephrem the Syrian]]{{·}}[[Pope Constantine]]{{·}}[[Naum Faiq]]{{·}}[[Agha Putrus]]{{·}}[[Freydun Atturaya]]{{·}}[[Alphonse Mingana]]{{·}}[[Ammo Baba]]{{·}}[[Rosie Malek Yonan]]{{·}}[[Andre Agassi]]{{·}}[[Kennedy Bakircioglü]]</small>
|population =3.3 million<ref>[http://www.unpo.org/article/7859], [[UNPO]] estimates</ref> - 4.2 million (1994)<ref>[[SIL Ethnologue]] estimate for the "ethnic population" associated with Assyrian Neo-Aramaic. [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aii]</ref>
|region1 = '''{{resize|120%|[[Middle East]]}}'''
|region2 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Iraq}}
|pop2 = 911,987 - 600,000 - 800,000
|ref2 = {{lower|<ref>[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html], [[CIA World Factbook]]</ref><ref>[http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/religion-christian.htm Christians in Iraq] GlobalSecurity.org total estimated to be some 500,000 after the [[Iraq war]]</ref><ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11669994 Iraqi Christians' long history], [[BBC]]</ref>}}
|region3 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Syria}}
|pop3 = 877,000 - 1,139,000
|ref3 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.todayszaman.com/newsDetail_getNewsById.action?load=detay&link=140085]</ref><ref>[http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=33109 Assyrians Face Escalating Abuses in "New Iraq"], Lisa Söderlindh, [[Inter Press Service]] 1,139,000 including some 300,000 Assyrian refugees from Iraq</ref>}}
|region4 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Iran}}
|pop4 = 74,000 – 80,000
|ref4 = {{lower|<ref name="atourpop">[http://www.atour.com/ atour.com name="Population" _moz_dirty="" Population], atour.com</ref><ref>[http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=iran], [[SIL Ethnologue]] "Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15,000 in Iran (1994). Ethnic population: 80,000 (1994)" See also [[Christianity in Iran]].</ref>}}
|region5 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Turkey}}
|pop5 = 24,000 – 70,000
|ref5 = {{lower|<ref name="atourpop"/><ref>[http://www.ethnologue.com/%5C/15/show_country.asp?name=TRA], [[SIL Ethnologue]] "Turoyo [tru] 3,000 in Turkey (1994 Hezy Mutzafi). Ethnic population: 50,000 to 70,000 (1994). Hértevin [hrt] 1,000 (1999 H. Mutzafi). Originally Siirt Province. They have left their villages, most emigrating to the West, but some may still be in Turkey." See also [[Christianity in Turkey]].</ref>}}
|region6 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Lebanon}}
|pop6 = 100,000
|ref6 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.aina.org/brief.html Brief History of Assyrians], AINA.org</ref>}}
|region7 = '''{{resize|120%|[[Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac diaspora|Diaspora]]}}'''
|region8 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Sweden}}
|pop8 = 100,000 - 120,000
|ref8 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.eurfedling.org/Sweden.htm Demographics of Sweden], [[Swedish Language Council]] "Sweden has also one of the largest exile communities of Assyrian and Syriac Christians (also known as Chaldeans) with a population of around 100,000."</ref><ref>[http://www.aina.org/brief.html Brief History of Assyrians], AINA.org</ref>}}
|region9 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|United States}}
|pop9 = 100,000 - 490,000
|ref9 = {{lower|<ref>[http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-ds_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_&-_lang=en&-mt_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G2000_B04003&-format=&-CONTEXT=dt American Community Survey], [[U.S. Census Bureau]]</ref><ref name="atourpop"/>}}
|region10 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Jordan}}
|pop10 = 100,000 - 150,000
|ref10 = {{lower|<ref>[http://spectator.org/archives/2007/07/02/thrown-to-the-lions Thrown to the Lions], [[Doug Bandow]], The America Spectator</ref><ref>[http://www.aina.org/releases/20070511014200.htm Jordan Should Legally Recognize Displaced Iraqis As Refugees], AINA.org. [http://www.crosswalk.com/news/religiontoday/11542438/ Assyrian and Chaldean Christians Flee Iraq to Neighboring Jordan], ASSIST News Service</ref>}}
|region11 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Germany}}
|pop11 = 90,000
|ref11 = {{lower|<ref>70,000 Syriac Christians according to [http://www.remid.de/remid_info_zahlen.htm REMID] (of which 55,000 [[Syriac Orthodox]]).</ref>}}
|region12 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Australia}}
|pop12 = 24,505 - 60,000
|ref12 = {{lower|<ref>[http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ViewData?action=404&documentproductno=0&documenttype=Details&order=1&tabname=Details&areacode=0&issue=2006&producttype=Census%20Tables&javascript=true&textversion=false&navmapdisplayed=true&breadcrumb=POTLD&&collection=Census&period=2006&productlabel=Ancestry%20(full%20classification%20list)%20by%20Sex&producttype=Census%20Tables&method=Place%20of%20Usual%20Residence&topic=Ancestry& Ancestry (full classification list)] [[Australian Bureau of Statistics]]</ref><ref>[http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Fear-checks-turnout-for-Iraq-poll/2005/01/21/1106110948104.html][http://museumvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=29&cat=NONE&cid=0] More than two thirds of Iraqis in Australia (80,000) are Christians</ref>}}
|region13 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Canada}}
|pop13 = 38,000
|ref13 = {{lower|<ref>http://www.radiovaticana.org/en1/articolo.asp?c=49496</ref>}}
|region14 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Russia}}
|pop14 = 70,000
|ref14 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop">[http://www.aina.org/brief.html Brief History of Assyrians], AINA.org</ref>}}
|region15 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Netherlands}}
|pop15 = 20,000
|ref15 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region16 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|France}}
|pop16 = 20,000
|ref16 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region17 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Belgium}}
|pop17 = 15,000
|ref17 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region18 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Switzerland}}
|pop18 = 10,000
|ref18 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region19 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Denmark}}
|pop19 = 10,000
|ref19 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|region20 = {{pad|0.6em}}{{flag|Italy}}
|pop20 = 3,000
|ref20 = {{lower|<ref name="AINApop"/>}}
|languages = [[Syriac language|Syriac]], [[Neo-Aramaic languages|Neo-Aramaic]]<br>{{smaller|(also [[Assyrian people#Language|various Neo-Aramaic dialects]])}}<br>[[Arabic language|Arabic]], [[Persian language|Persian]], [[Turkish language|Turkish]]
|religions = <div style="line-height:1.4em;">[[Syriac Christianity]]<br />{{smaller|(also [[Assyrian people#Religion|various Eastern denominations]])}}</div>
|related = [[Mhallami]]<br>Other [[Semitic]] peoples
}}
'''Ассириялықтар''' , айсорлар (өз атауы — атурай) — халық. Жалпы саны 350 мың (1992) адам. Негізінен Иракта (120 мың), Иранда (100 мың), Түркияда (70 мың), Россия Федерациясында (0,6 мың), Сирияда, Иорданияда, Ливанда, АҚШ-та, Грузияда тұрады. Тілі семит-хамит тілдер шоғырына жатады. Өздерін б.з.б. 2 — б.з. 7 ғ-ларда өмір сүрген Ассирия империясының мұрагеріміз деп санайды. А. Иранның, Араб Халифатының, Моғолдардың, Осман империясының қол астында болуы себепті басқа халықтармен сіңісіп кетсе де, ғасырлар бойы өзіндік ерекшеліктерін сақтап қалған. Сирия жазуының негізінде қалыптасқан төл әліпбиі бар, христиан (несториан) дінін ұстанады. Несториандар 7-8 ғ-ларда қазақ жеріне келіп, Жетісуда, жергілікті тайпалар арасында өз діндерін таратпақшы болғаны тарихтан белгілі. Негізгі шаруашылығы егіншілік пен бағбаншылық. Иранда мал ш-мен де айналысады, фольклоры өте бай.