Карнеги Меллон Университеті — нұсқалар арасындағы айырмашылық

Түйіндемесі өңделмейді
Carnegie Mellon students come from all 50 [[U.S. state]]s and 93 countries. It presently ranks 21st among the top universities worldwide.<ref>http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2011-2012/top-400.html</ref> It consistently ranks among the top 25 universities in the United States and was named one of the "New [[Ivy League|Ivies]]" by ''[[Newsweek]]'' in 2006.<ref>{{cite web|title=America''s 25 New Elite ''Ivies''|url=http://www.newsweek.com/2006/08/20/25-new-ivies.html|publisher=newsweek.com|accessdate=2010-08-21}}</ref> Although a relatively young university, it is affiliated with eighteen [[Nobel laureates]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cmu.edu/news/rankings-awards/awards/nobel-prize.shtml|accessdate=2010-10-12|title=Carnegie Mellon Nobel Laureates}}</ref>
[[Image:Andrew Carnegie, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left, 1913.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Andrew Carnegie]]
Post-[[American Civil War|Civil War]] industrialists accumulated unprecedented wealth and some were eager to found institutions in their names as part of [[philanthropy]] campaigns using portions of their vast wealth. [[Washington Duke]] at [[Duke University]], [[Ezra Cornell]] at [[Cornell University]], [[Johns Hopkins]] at [[Johns Hopkins University]], [[Leland Stanford]] at [[Stanford University]], and [[Cornelius Vanderbilt]] at [[Vanderbilt University]] are several notable examples of Andrew Carnegie's [[The Gospel of Wealth|gospel of wealth]] mentality and Carnegie Mellon University is one such result.
Carnegie Mellon predecessor institution, Carnegie Technical Schools, was founded in 1900 in [[Pittsburgh]] by the [[Scottish American]] industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who wrote the time-honored words "My heart is in the work", when he donated the funds to create the institution. Carnegie's vision was to open a vocational training school for the sons and daughters of working-class Pittsburghers (Many of whom worked in his mills). The campus began to take shape in the [[Beaux-Arts architecture]] style of [[Henry Hornbostel]], winner of the 1904 competition to design the original institution and later the founder of what is now the [[Carnegie Mellon School of Architecture]]. The name was changed to the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1912, and the school began offering four-year degrees. In 1965, it merged with [[Andrew W. Mellon|Andrew Mellon]]'s Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to become Carnegie Mellon University. In addition, Carnegie founded Carnegie Mellon's coordinate [[Women's colleges in the United States|women's college]], [[Margaret Morrison Carnegie College]] in 1903 (which closed in 1973).<ref>{{cite web|title=History of MMCC|url=http://www.carnegiemellontoday.com/article.asp?Aid=347|publisher=carnegiemellontoday.com|accessdate=2008-02-15}}</ref>
[[File:AWMellon.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Andrew W. Mellon]]