Ахкәм: Нұсқа салыстыру

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<!--is a reference to the [[Islamic]] commandments, derived and understood from [[religious jurisprudence resources]] ({{lang-ar|مَنَابِعُ الفِقْهِ}}). A law, value, ordinance or ruling of [[Shari'ah]] (Islamic law). In order to arrive at any new legal doctrine, or ''hukm'', one must employ a systematic methodology by which to extract meaning from the sources. Traditionally, this methodology has been categorized under the rules of [[ijtihad]] (independent reasoning, authentic scholarly endeavor).<ref>Islamic Legal Interpretation, Harvard University Press 1996</ref>
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Құран Кәрімде ''хукм'' сөзі Аллаһ тағаланың бұйыруын, еркін, қалауын білдіретін сөз.
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In the Quran, ''hukm'' denotes arbitration, judgement, authority, and Allah's will. Following the passing of [[Muhammad]], with no central legal power in the post-[[Medina]] Muslim society, the noun acquired new meanings over time, with ''hukm'' coming to refer to temporal executive rule or to a court decision and the plural, ''ahkam'', referring to specific Quranic rules, positive [[fiqh]] laws derived from Islamic legal methodology, and rules or edicts. Early in Muslim history, the [[Kharijite]]s' declaration to accept only the ''hukm'' of [[Allah]] (Arabic: حُكْمُ اللّهِ ) gave the word a political connotation.
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