Карнеги Меллон Университеті — нұсқалар арасындағы айырмашылық

Азаматтық соғыстан кейін Американың индустриялистері ақша жинап, сол ақшаға институттар сала бастады. Олар Вашингтон Дюк - Дюк университетін, Эзра Корнель - Корнель университетін, Джон Хопкинс - Джон Хопкинс университетін, Леланд Стэнфорд - Стэнфорд университетін және Корнелиус Вандербильт - Вандербильт университеттерінің негіздерін қалайды..
<!-- accumulated unprecedented wealth and some were eager to found institutions in their names as part of [[philanthropy]] campaigns using portions of their vast wealth. [[Washington Duke]] at [[Duke University]], [[Ezra Cornell]] at [[Cornell University]], [[Johns Hopkins]] at [[Johns Hopkins University]], [[Leland Stanford]] at [[Stanford University]], and [[Cornelius Vanderbilt]] at [[Vanderbilt University]] are several notable examples of Andrew Carnegie's [[The Gospel of Wealth|gospel of wealth]] mentality and Carnegie Mellon University is one such result.
Carnegie Mellon predecessor institution, Carnegie Technical Schools, was founded in 1900 in [[Pittsburgh]] by the [[Scottish American]] industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who wrote the time-honored words "My heart is in the work", when he donated the funds to create the institution. Carnegie's vision was to open a vocational training school for the sons and daughters of working-class Pittsburghers (Many of whom worked in his mills). The campus began to take shape in the [[Beaux-Arts architecture]] style of [[Henry Hornbostel]], winner of the 1904 competition to design the original institution and later the founder of what is now the [[Carnegie Mellon School of Architecture]]. The name was changed to the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1912, and the school began offering four-year degrees. In 1965, it merged with [[Andrew W. Mellon|Andrew Mellon]]'s Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to become Carnegie Mellon University. In addition, Carnegie founded Carnegie Mellon's coordinate [[Women's colleges in the United States|women's college]], [[Margaret Morrison Carnegie College]] in 1903 (which closed in 1973).<ref>{{cite web|title=History of MMCC|url=http://www.carnegiemellontoday.com/article.asp?Aid=347|publisher=carnegiemellontoday.com|accessdate=2008-02-15}}</ref>
[[File:AWMellon.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Andrew W. Mellon]]
There was little change to the campus between the [[World War I|first]] and [[World War II|second World War]]. A 1938 master plan by Githens and Keally suggested acquisition of new land along Forbes Avenue, but the plan was not fully implemented. The period starting with the construction of the Graduate School of Industrial Administration building (1952) and ending with Wean Hall (1971) saw the institutional change from Carnegie Institute of Technology to Carnegie Mellon University. New facilities were needed to respond to the University's growing national reputation in [[artificial intelligence]], business, robotics and the arts. In addition, an expanding student population resulted in a need for improved facilities for student life, athletics and libraries. The campus finally expanded to [[Forbes Avenue]] from its original land along [[Schenley Park]]. A ravine long known as "the cut" was gradually filled in to campus level, joining "the Mall" as a major campus open space.
During the 1970s and 1980s, the tenure of University President Richard M. Cyert (1972–1990) witnessed a period of unparalleled growth and development. The research budget soared from roughly US$12 million annually in the early 1970s to more than US$110 million in the late 1980s. The work of researchers in new fields like [[robotics]] and [[software engineering]] helped the university build on its reputation for innovation and practical problem solving. President Cyert stressed strategic planning and comparative advantage, pursuing opportunities in areas where Carnegie Mellon could outdistance its competitors. One example of this approach was the introduction of the university's "[[Andrew Project|Andrew]]" computing network in the mid-1980s. This pioneering project, which linked all [[computer]]s and workstations on campus, set the standard for educational computing and established Carnegie Mellon as a leader in the use of technology in education and research. On April 24, 1984, [http://www.cmu.edu cmu.edu], Carnegie Mellon's Internet domain became among the first six [[.edu]] [[URL]]s.
===Карнеги Меллон бүгінгі күні===
===Carnegie Mellon today===
[[Image:Wean hall.jpg|thumb|right|Wean Hall, home of the world's first internet-enabled soda vending machine.<ref>{{cite web|title=Randy Pausch's Last Lecture: Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams|publisher=Randy Pausch|url=http://download.srv.cs.cmu.edu/~pausch/Randy/pauschlastlecturetranscript.pdf|accessdate=2008-05-07}}</ref>]]
<!--In the 1990s and into the 2000s (decade), Carnegie Mellon solidified its status among elite American universities, consistently ranking in the top 25 in ''[[US News and World Report]]'' rankings. Carnegie Mellon is distinct in its interdisciplinary approach to research and education. Through the establishment of programs and centers that are outside the limitations of departments or colleges, the university has established leadership in fields such as [[computational finance]], [[management information systems|information systems management]], arts management, product design, [[behavioral economics]], [[human-computer interaction]], [[entertainment technology]], and [[decision science]]. Within the past two decades, the university has built a new university center, theater and drama building (Purnell Center), business school building (Posner Hall), student union and several dormitories. Baker Hall was renovated in the early 2000s (decade), and new chemistry labs were established in Doherty Hall soon after. Several computer science buildings, such as [[Newell Simon Hall]], also were established, renovated or renamed in the early 2000s (decade). The university has most recently completed building the Gates Hillman Complex and continues renovating historic academic and residence halls.
The Gates Hillman Complex, opened for occupancy on August 11, 2009, sits on a {{convert|5.6|acre|m2|sing=on}} site on the university's West Campus, surrounded by Cyert Hall, the Purnell Center for the Arts, Doherty Hall, Newell-Simon Hall, Smith Hall, Hamburg Hall and the Collaborative Innovation Center. It contains 318 offices as well as labs, computer clusters, lecture halls, classrooms and a 250-seat auditorium. The Gates Hillman Complex was made possible by a $20 million lead gift from the [[Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation]] and an additional $10 million grant from The Henry L. Hillman Foundation. The Gates Hillman Complex and the Purnell Center for the Arts are connected by the [[Randy Pausch]] Memorial Footbridge.<ref>{{cite web|title=The Top 200 World Universities|url=http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/hybrid.asp?typeCode=144|publisher=timeshighereducation.com|accessdate=2008-02-18}}</ref>